Daily Archives: December 11, 2017

#VSCP HOWTO: DM write/append to file

The Level I logger and the Level II logger are great tools for logging events in a VSCP based system.  Useful also for debugging etc. Another method is to use the execute external program action and execute a script and write to a file there. We have seen this method being used in other howtos.  Also while running a JavaScript or a Lua script files can be written.

But…

file writing is also available as an action.  It is documented here. This action allows writing or appending a string with output to a named file that is created if it does not exist. With the VSCP escapes a lot of dynamic information can go into this file.

Suppose that we want to  log events of a certain type to a file, here CLASS1.DATA, Type=2 A/D values form a specific device. We then write a decision matrix (DM) row

<row enable="true" groupid="" >

<comment>
 Collect A/D values from node X
</comment>

<mask priority="0"
 class="0xFFFF"
 type="0xFFFF"
 GUID="FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF" />

<filter priority="0"
 class="15"
 type="2"
 GUID="00:01:02:03:04:05:06:07:08:09:0A:0B:0C:0D:0E:0F" />

<action>0x70</action>
 <param>
 /tmp/addata;1;%isoboth: %measurement.string %lf 
 </param>

</row>

will generate output content like this

With the other VSCP escapes and literals you have many options to generate meaningful output.

 

#VSCP HOWTO: DM Send events

In a previous howto we looked at how to link server interfaces. Sometimes it is not necessary to establish a full link but just send an event to the rest of the system.  A typical example on this can be when an event comes in that signals a special state and you what the system to go perform other steps. Here you can send out the events needed to perform those steps.

There are currently three actions defined for this in the VSCP server

Send event

VSCP_DAEMON_ACTION_CODE_SEND_EVENT    0x40/64

This actions sends out a specified event and optionally set a boolean variable to true if the send was successful.  The full documentation is here.

If for example you want to send the event CLASS1.INFORMATION, Type=3, ON every second you can use

<row enable="true" groupid="Send event">

<comment>
 Periodic event
 Send CLASS1:INFORMATION, Type=3 ON event every second
 </comment>

<mask priority="0"
 class="0xFFFF"
 type="0xFFFF"
 GUID=" 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00" />

<filter priority="0"
 class="65535"
 type="5"
 GUID=" 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00" />

<action>0x40</action>
 <param>
 0,20,3,0,,,0:1:2:3:4:5:6:7:8:9:10:11:12:13:14:15,0,1,35
 </param>

</row>

Send event conditional

VSCP_DAEMON_ACTION_CODE_SEND_EVENT_CONDITIONAL    0x41/65

This action works much as the previous action. The difference is that it just send the event if a named VSCP remote variable is true.  The full documentation is here.

If you like in the example above want to send the event CLASS1.INFORMATION, Type=3, ON every second you can use

<row enable="true" groupid="Send event conditional" >

<comment>
 Create variable that hold flag for sent event
 when the server is started ( CLASS2.VSCPD, Type=23 ).
 </comment>

<mask priority="0"
 class="0xFFFF"
 type="0xFFFF"
 GUID=" 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00" />

<filter priority="0"
 class="65535"
 type="23"
 GUID=" 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00" />

<action>0x50</action>
 <param>
 bsent;bool;false;0;0x777;false
 </param>

</row>
 
 <row enable="true" groupid="Send event conditional" >

<comment>
 Create variable that hold flag send conditional event
 when the server is started ( CLASS2.VSCPD, Type=23 ).
 </comment>

<mask priority="0"
 class="0xFFFF"
 type="0xFFFF"
 GUID=" 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00" />

<filter priority="0"
 class="65535"
 type="23"
 GUID=" 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00" />

<action>0x50</action>
 <param>
 bevent;bool;false;0;0x777;false
 </param>

</row>
<row enable="true" groupid="Send event conditional">

<comment>
Send event conditional
Send CLASS1:INFORMATION, Type=3 ON event
</comment>

<mask priority="0"
class="0xFFFF"
type="0xFFFF"
GUID=" 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00" />

<filter priority="0"
class="65535"
type="5"
GUID="00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00" />

<action>0x41</action>
<param>
bevent;0,20,3,0,,,0:1:2:3:4:5:6:7:8:9:10:11:12:13:14:15,0,1,35;bsent
</param>

</row>

The difference from the previous example is the introduction of the bEvent remote variable. This variable is initialized to false so before it is set to true no events will be sent.  We can look at the variable sin the admin web interface

Setting it to true

make the action trigger and the event is sent once a second while the bEvent variable is set to true.

 

 

Send event(s) from file

The last send event action send one or more events from a file instead of having them specified in the action parameter. This makes it possible to send several events from one trigger.  A typical scenario could be to trigger on button press and set a scene by presetting lamps and other things which will be set by the sent out list of events,

This action is fully specified here.  The file for the events to send out is XML based.  Apart from that it should be easy to set up from the documentation.

The events defined here in a file called sendevents simulate setting a scenario.

<events>

<event>
 <!-- 
 CLASS1.CONTROL, Type=5 TurnOn
 Turn on lamps in zone=1, subzon=0
 -->
 <head>0</head>
 <class>30</class>
 <type>5</type>
 <guid>00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00</guid> 
 <data>0,1,0</data>
 </event>

<event>
 <!-- 
 CLASS1.CONTROL, Type=5 TurnOn
 Turn on lamps in zone=1, subzon=0
 -->
 <head>0</head>
 <class>30</class>
 <type>5</type>
 <guid>00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00</guid> 
 <data>0,1,2</data>
 </event>

<event>
 <!-- 
 CLASS1.CONTROL, Type=5 TurnOn
 Turn on lamps in zone=1, subzon=22
 -->
 <head>0</head>
 <class>30</class>
 <type>5</type>
 <guid>00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00</guid> 
 <data>0,1,22</data>
 </event>

<event>
 <!-- 
 CLASS1.CONTROL, Type=5 TurnOn
 Turn on lamps in zone=1, subzon=240
 -->
 <head>0</head>
 <class>30</class>
 <type>5</type>
 <guid>00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00</guid> 
 <data>0,1,240</data>
 </event>

<event>
 <!-- 
 CLASS1.CONTROL, Type=6 TurnOff
 Turn off head light lamps in zone=1, subzon=1
 -->
 <head>0</head>
 <class>30</class>
 <type>6</type>
 <guid>00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00</guid> 
 <data>0,1,1</data>
 </event>

<event>
 <!-- 
 CLASS1.CONTROL, Type=20 Dim lamp(s)
 Dim lamps in zone=1, subzon=0 at 30%
 -->
 <head>0</head>
 <class>30</class>
 <type>20</type>
 <guid>00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00</guid> 
 <data>30,1,0</data>
 </event> 
 
</events>

A DM that sets this scenario every minute looks like this

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8" ?>

<dm>

<row enable="true" groupid="Send events from file" >

<comment>
 Send events in list sendevents 
 when the server is started ( CLASS2.VSCPD, Type=23 ).
 </comment>

<mask priority="0"
 class="0xFFFF"
 type="0xFFFF"
 GUID="00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00" />

<filter priority="0"
 class="65535"
 type="6"
 GUID="00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00" />

<action>0x42</action>
 <param>
 /srv/vscp/sendevents
 </param>

</row>
 
 
</dm>

And running it we see in VSCP works that the events get sent

 

You can find sample files for tests here.